Edfu city is located between Luxor and Aswan in the southern area of Egypt. The city, which is situated on the west bank of the Nile, is world famous for its temple, which was built during the Ptolemaic period. And while some people may seem content with the story as it stands, our view is that there exists countless mysteries, scientific anomalies and surprising artifacts that have yet to be discovered and explained. During his reign, which lasted from 246 to 222/1 BC, Ptolemy managed to reunite Egypt and Cyrenaica, and triumphed over the Seleucids during the Third Syrian War. The temple was built on the location where the battle for the future of ancient Egypt occurred between the god of protection and victory Horus and the god of the desert, war, and chaos Set according to the tale of Osiris. Type Sightseeing. This shrine would have contained a gold statue of Horus. If you are in Cairo ride a white taxi to move faster or you could board the fastest way of transportation in Egypt metro if the roads are in rush hour. By the time of Ptolemy XII, the fortunes of Ptolemaic Kingdom had waned, and it was no longer the mighty and prosperous state it once was. The Vikings’ next step out into the Atlantic – the discovery and settlement of Iceland – is one of the best documented events of the Viking Age. As mentioned earlier, it is the second largest temple in Egypt. It measures 137 meters long by 79 meters wide and 36 meters high. In addition, the government of Egypt, since 2003, has been seeking international recognition for the cultural and historical significance of the temple. The temple gateway is also adorned with reliefs of Horus, who watches the pharaoh as he punishes his enemies. Many books and videos show depictions of vast work forces hewing blocks of stone in the hot desert sun and carefully setting them into place. The Stoned Ape Theory and the Dawn of Human Consciousness: Did Our Prehistoric Ancestors Evolve by Getting High? This Fruitcake Is Still Good After a Century in the Antarctic! (Walwyn / Flickr). The Edfu temple represents a lost art that showcases the true spirit of the ancient Egyptian civilization from the perspective of the Ptolemaic dynasty. Thanks for sharing this article look forward to reading more of your article's. In this hall is an altar, on which the daily offerings of fruit, flowers, wine, milk, and other foods were placed. All Rights Reserved. Ancient Origins © 2013 - 2020Disclaimer - Terms of Publication - Privacy Policy & Cookies - Advertising Policy - Submissions - We Give Back - Contact us. Reliefs in the Sanctuary depict Ptolemy IV worshipping Horus and Hathor. Edfu Project. It represents the typical construction of the temples with the pylon. Witness the beauty of Egypt from a hot balloon or a plane and try all the delicious Egyptian cuisines and drinks plus shopping in old Cairo. [Online]Available at: https://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1824/, www.ancient-egypt-online.com, 2020. Our staff consists of the best operators, guides and drivers who dedicate all of their time & effort to make you have the perfect vacation. The outer hypostyle hall was built during the reign of Ptolemy VII Neos Philopator, and two small chambers are found at its entrance. On the eastern side of the inner hypostyle hall is a chamber for storing liquid offerings, whereas solid offerings were kept in a chamber on the western side of the hall. Not wheelchair friendly . The temple is dedicated to the falcon headed god Horus. The mythical mushroom portals of the supernatural, Floki and the Viking Discovery of Iceland, 3 Problems to Remember When Trying to Find Atlantis. The Edfu temple is located in Aswan in the city of Edfu on the west bank of the Nile in Upper Egypt just 60 km north of Aswan. The temple was dedicated to the falcon god Horus. You will be notified in the week of your trip if the Climate is unsafe and if any changes have been made. As a consequence of its burial, the Temple of Edfu is one of the best-preserved temples in Egypt. We seek to retell the story of our beginnings. This temple was smaller than the current structure, and longer exists. Temple of Edfu. There are a lot of amazing aspects to the temple that makes it one of the most visited archaeological spots in all of Egypt. During the Egyptian New Year Festival, the image of Horus would be carried to the temple’s rooftop via an ascending stairway attached to the hall. The Temple of Edfu , dedicated to the god Horus, is the second largest temple in Egypt. Fewer Egyptians can speak French, Italian, Spanish, and German. As in other places, many of the carved reliefs of the temple were razed to the ground by the Christians who came to dominate Egypt. The temple is dedicated to the falcon god Horus. Sumer, or the ‘land of civilized kings’, flourished in Mesopotamia, now modern-day Iraq, around 4500 BC. We'll e-mail a link to reset your password. Location of King Henry VIII’s Dramatic Jousting Fall Found. We’re the only Pop Archaeology site combining scientific research with out-of-the-box perspectives. Accessibility. Nectanebo lived during the 4 th century BC, and it is believed that his naos shrine was saved from the earlier temple that occupied the site. The temple of Edfu, located in the city of the same name (Edfu) is situated on the west bank of the Nile, 115 km south of Luxor and 105 km north of Aswan. The Evidence is Cut in Stone: A Compelling Argument for Lost High Technology in Ancient Egypt, 1,200-year-old telephone, amazing invention of the ancient Chimu civilization, Where Death Rings in the Hour: The Amazing Medieval Astronomical Clock of Prague, Beaver's teeth 'used to carve the oldest wooden statue in the world’. We would appreciate it if you could complete this Feedback form in order for us to improve your use of our website. Then you enter the large courtyard, surrounded by columns. My interests range from ‘conventional’ to ‘radical’ interpretations of the archaeological/textual/pictorial data set. Pharaonic temples in Upper Egypt from the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. The average of low temperatures vary from 9.5 °C in the wintertime to 23 °C in the summertime and the average high temperatures vary from 17 °C in the wintertime to 32 °C in the summertime. Enter the e-mail address associated with the account. These include mastaba tombs from the Old Kingdom , and burials dating to the Middle Kingdom . The magnificent columns of the Temple of Edfu. Therefore, in 1986, Dieter Kurth, a professor of Egyptology at the University of Hamburg initiated the Edfu Project. The Myrmidons were allegedly fierce warriors from Thessaly that fought during the Trojan War with Achilles as their leader. If you want to apply for a Visa On Arrival that lasts for 30 days then you should be one of the eligible countries, have a valid passport with at least 6 months remaining and pay 25$ USD in cash, as for the E-Visa for 30 day you should have a valid passport for at least 8 months, complete the online application, pay the e-visa fee then print the e-visa to later be presented to the airport border guard. During the New Kingdom, a temple to Horus was built at Edfu. Construction of the pylon gateway was initiated under the rule of Ptolemy IX Soter . The one on the right was the temple library, where ritual texts were stored, while the one on the left was the hall of consecrations (known also as the robing room), where freshly laundered ritual robes and ritual vases were kept. The best time to travel to Egypt is during the winter from September to April as the climate becomes a little tropical accompanied by a magical atmosphere of warm weather with a winter breeze. It is dedicated to Horus, Hathor and their son, ‘Horus the younger’ or ‘Uniter of the Two Lands’. Roughly speaking, the Temple of Edfu consists of a main entrance, a courtyard, and a chapel. Like the outer hypostyle hall, this roofed courtyard also has 12 columns, though with a slightly different orientation. One of the them, however, lies on the ground, as it no longer has legs. The pylon is believed to have been completed later on, as the outstanding colossal reliefs on it depict Ptolemy XII. [Online]Available at: https://www.britannica.com/place/Idfu, The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2019.

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